This special edition focuses on African Indigenous Knowledge Systems (AIKS) in Mental Health, African Literature, and Education. Although there is no single definition of IKS, there is a consensus that the term refers to the local knowledge that is used by communities as a basis for making decisions in a range of activities such as education, agriculture, health care, and food preparation. Indigenous knowledge can be defined as ‘the information base for a society, which facilitates communication and decision-making’. They also point out that ‘indigenous information systems are dynamic, and are continually influenced by internal creativity and experimentation as well as by contact with external systems’. We are of the view that IKS is part of international or world knowledge, the exception being that it has been underdeveloped or marginalized, as a result of colonialism.