Channelling Migrant Remittances from South Africa to Zimbabwe: Opportunities and Obstacles

Main Article Content

Divane Nzima

Abstract

As migration-development interactions continue to expand, migrant remittances have taken a leading role in cementing these interactions. Given the centrality of remittances in the migration-development debates, this paper gives an outlook into the experiences and strategies of migrants and their households in the transfer of remittances to Tsholotsho district in Zimbabwe. This paper seeks to show how South Africa based Zimbabwean migrants from the Tsholotsho district in Zimbabwe channel their remittances to their remaining household members. In addition, the paper examines the opportunities and obstacles encountered by migrants in negotiating different channels of remittance transfer at their disposal. This study was conducted using a mixed methods approach and data was collected in both Zimbabwe and South Africa. 159 household principals in Tsholotsho responded to survey questionnaires while five key informants were interviewed as well as 15 migrants based in Johannesburg. This study found that the experiences and strategies of remittance transfer amongst migrants and their remaining household members in Tsholotsho were congruent with findings of previous studies conducted in other regions and countries. Migrants preferred the use of informal channels over the formal channels. Despite the risks associated with the use of informal channels various factors including the cost of transfer led migrants to use informal channels of sending remittances.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nzima, D. (2017). Channelling Migrant Remittances from South Africa to Zimbabwe: Opportunities and Obstacles. Alternation Journal, 24(1), 294-313. Retrieved from https://journals.ukzn.ac.za/index.php/soa/article/view/774
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Divane Nzima, University of Fort Hare