Origin and Development of the ‘New Apostolic Reformation’ in South Africa: A Neo-Pentecostal Movement or a Post-Pentecostal Phenomenon?

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Irvin G Chetty


Within South African Pentecostal/Charismatic spheres, since 2000, a new
configuration has surfaced that has been called the ‘New Apostolic
Reformation’ (NAR). The adherents of this movement have sounded a call for
the Pentecostal/Charismatic church, in particular, to return to what they describe
as the ‘Apostolicity’ of the church.
The emergence of this New Apostolic Reformation is more than a South
African phenomenon. C Peter Wagner, almost a decade and a half ago, in his
book, Churchquake (1999: 5-8) contended that there were, at least forty
thousand ‘Apostolic‘ churches representing approximately eight to ten million
members in the USA. He asserted that this New Apostolic Reformation is also
rapidly growing in all of the six continents and is the ‘greatest change in the way
of doing church since the Protestant Reformation.’
In South Africa the following New Apostolic Reformation groupings
have emerged, namely the New Covenant Ministries International (NCMI),
Grace International (GI), Congress World Breakthrough Network (C-WBN),
International Strategic Alliance of Apostolic Churches (ISAAC) and Judah
Kingdom Alliance (JKA).
The paper will also contend with the nature and extent of their deviation
from ‘mainstream’ Pentecostal doctrines and practices.
A number of theories have attempted to explain the emergence of new
religious movements (NRMs), inter alia, deprivation, revitalisation, and
brainwashing. This study focuses on one of these theories, namely,
revitalisation, but also favours a holistic approach to an understanding of the


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How to Cite
Chetty, I. (2013). Origin and Development of the ‘New Apostolic Reformation’ in South Africa: A Neo-Pentecostal Movement or a Post-Pentecostal Phenomenon?. Alternation Journal, (11), 190-206. Retrieved from https://journals.ukzn.ac.za/index.php/soa/article/view/408
Author Biography

Irvin G Chetty, University of Fort Hare

Head: Centre for Theology & Religion University of Fort Hare IChetty@ufh.ac.za


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