Frances Banks - Mystic and Educator: The Visionary Solipsist

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Garth Mason


This paper focuses on Frances Banks’ spiritual life and her education career
which has significance for the embellishment of both the historical
landscapes in spirituality and progressive educational thought in South
Africa. It argues three points: first; Frances Banks is an important figure in
the history of South African spirituality and education; second her struggles
with patriarchal authority have important repercussions for gender studies.
Third, her leaving the Community of the Resurrection has implications for an
understanding of orthodox spirituality


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Mason, G. (2013). Frances Banks - Mystic and Educator: The Visionary Solipsist. Alternation Journal, (11), 163-189. Retrieved from
Author Biography

Garth Mason, University of South Africa

Department of Religious Studies and Arabic University of South Africa


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