The Focus on Children and Youth
In the process of migration, it is assumed, that it is especially children and youth that are caught up in the dynamics of the migration of their parents and/ or guardians. Children are often also separated from their parents (one or both parents) during processes of migration, due to the un-coordinated, if not chaotic nature of migration, or because of international statist or nation-state conditions and agreements.
Children and youth that happen to travel with their parents may experience the same challenges experienced by adults. Sometimes, due to them being children and youth in the growing up stages of their lives, they may experience these migrations as quite unsettling, as well as psychologically, socially, and religiously disconcerting, if not confusing, and bewildering.
This special issue of Alternation seeks to deepen our intellectual engagements and scholarly understandings of how migration affect and impact children and youth.
- Children and Youth who migrate in families, or alone: what particular rights should unaccompanied and separated children have? How should they be treated in the context of border controls, and statist and nationalist systems and agreements?
- Children and Youth who are left behind; many children are left behind, when parents of families migrate, most often with another family member or friends: How does migration impact them?
- Children and Youth differ from adults in some important aspects, although their migration experiences are similar: In what respects are the theories and claims about adult migration applicable to children, and vice-versa?
- The Migration experiences of Children and Youth: Are child and youth experiences and perceptions of migration special, and different from adults, and do these justify special treatment? Are children always, as the UNICEF claims, the most vulnerable group?
- Do individual states have obligations towards migrating Children and Youth, especially when it comes to socio-cultural integration, citizenship or access to education and health care?
- Is Youth and Child migration also a problem for global justice, and, if it is, how does, and should social, as well as legal justice matters impact the migration of Children and Youth?
- Youth and Child migration is closely connected to a vast range of injustices: war, poverty, exploitation, desertification, social discrimination, and even persecution and expulsion. What are the most significant factors that impact the migration of Children and Youth, and how could caring communities cater for them, in both their home and host countries?
- Also, how do national and international organisations deal with those children who are unable to migrate in their searches for better lives and living conditions, and remain stuck in their conditions of threat, insecurity, and deprivation?
- African Communitarian thinking and child, and youth migration: Are there any social systems, and actual social interventions evidence with regard to this focus, and if there are, how do they function, how could they be enhanced, and augmented?