Good Health-Sustainable Development Nexus: Assessing the Prospects and Opportunities of Artificial Intelligence in Africa

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Eric Blanco Niyitunga

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to assess the prospects and opportunities of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in addressing the challenges in public healthcare that have prevented the achievement of good health for sustainable development in Africa. The assessment was done in efforts to understand the nexus between good health and sustainable development.  Good health remains a prerequisite for sustainable development. It is the cornerstone of human development and growth, and the development of projects that lead to sustainable development depend on it. A qualitative method was used with a document analysis approach. Secondary data was collected through a literature survey, and document and content analysis techniques were used in the interpretation. The paper found that the use of AI technologies in the public healthcare system protects healthcare providers, quickens treatment and administrative tasks, and promotes innovations in healthcare systems. It combats inequality, long waiting times, corruption and various types of financial crimes that inhibit the performance of the public healthcare system. The use of exoskeleton robots enable paralysed patients to walk again and become self-sufficient in conducting their daily activities. There is need for African countries to use AI technologies in the public healthcare systems to achieve good health for sustainable development.

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How to Cite
Niyitunga, E. (2022). Good Health-Sustainable Development Nexus: Assessing the Prospects and Opportunities of Artificial Intelligence in Africa. African Journal of Governance & Development, 11(1.1.), 47-78. Retrieved from https://journals.ukzn.ac.za/index.php/jgd/article/view/2687
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