Main Article Content
Improved value outcomes of procurement and use of PPPs lies in citizen coproduction and co delivery of public services. Applying insight from Agency theory this study assesses the role of stakeholders in traditional procurement and PPPs. Based on use literature review, interviews and focus group discussion, the study acknowledges that while the agency theory has been adopted in guiding theory and practice of procurement and PPPs, its adequate in engaging citizen participation as the principal’s interests tend override interests of citizens. The study concludes that while the principal (state agencies) and agent (contractors) have been involved, there exists deficiency in citizen engagement. Based on the findings, the study in instances where citizens are engaged the process has been either insufficient or unstructured. Based on this findings the study advocates for the extension of the need to people first that gives the rise for a need to extend the agency theory given rise to Citizen Principal Agent Theory.
Key Words; Procurement, Public Private Partnerships, Agency Theory, Citizen Principal Agency Theory, Citizen