1. Papers should be approximately between 6000 and 7000 words
  2. Papers should be submitted on MS word compatible format
  3. Fonts used should be compatible with Times Roman
  4. Font size should be 12 points for main body of text and 10 points for the footnote text
  5. Do not format text with defaults
  6. Basic margins of 1” on all sides to be used (top, bottom, left and right)
  7. Place page numbers at the bottom of the page
  8. Do not use headers and footers for titles, author details, etc. Those will be done by editorial staff at the final stage.
  9. Paragraphs must be separated by an additional line space and with a tab on the left

Footnotes and Endnotes 

  1. Do not use endnotes, but rather use footnotes
  2. Use Arabic numbers (1,2,3, etc.) for footnote numbers by using ‘auto’ command on footnote format
  3. Do not use additional line spacing between footnotes
  4. Do not indent on the left side of the footnote 


  1. Use Referencing within the main body of the text as follows—(Smith 1970: 234)
  2. In case of dual authors, mention the two last names (Smith and Wynberg 1978: 230)
  3. Multiple authors, (that is more than two authors) mention as follows—(Smith et al. 1981: 156)
  4. Ensure that the reference’s full bibliographical details are entered in the list of References at the end of the paper
  5. Website addresses need to be given in a footnote text rather than in the main body. Ensure that the date and time of access is mentioned.
  6. In the list of References, enter only those that have been used in the paper. Should the author feels it might be relevant to mention additional sources for information purposes, list them separately under either ‘Additional Sources’ or ‘Suggested Readings’
  7. List all References in alphabetical order
  8. To list books use the following format—Smith, Wilfred Cantwell. (1970) Meaning and End of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  9. With multiple authors, list the first author with last name, and the rest with their first and last names in that order
  10. To list chapters in books, encyclopaedias—Long, Jeffrey. (2013) ‘Diasporic and Indigenous Hinduism in North America’, pp. 17-31, in Contemporary Hinduism, edited by Pratap P. Kumar. Durham, UK: Acumen.
  11. To list articles, papers, etc., in journals/periodicals—Rubenstein, Mary-Jane. (2012) ‘Cosmic Singularities: On the Nothing and the Sovereign’, in Journal of the American Academy of Religion. Vol. 80, No. 2: 485-517.
  12. 12.To list reports, articles, news items in Newspapers, magazines etc.,--Habib, Shirz. (2013) “Intrepid Explorers Prepare for ‘Oarsome’ Adventure” in Northglen News,3 May, p.1. [in cases where reports have no specific author/s, leave the author’s detail and just mention the rest]
  13. 13.Websites: list all websites separately with access date and time specified for each. 


  1. Nidan generally uses UK English convention for spellings, punctuation marks, etc. Where there is a Guest Editor involved, he or she can choose to follow either UK English conventions or US English conventions as long as there is consistency throughout all the papers.
  2. All foreign words must be italicised
  3. Words and sentences with emphasis must be italicised and not underlined
  4. Acronyms must be listed at the end of the paper with the expanded version
  5. Abbreviations must be also expanded in a list at the end of the paper; alternatively an abbreviation can be created at its first occurrence in the paper and placed in brackets with the expanded form being part of the text—e.g., United Nations (UN), and thereafter the abbreviation can be used consistently 

Images, Photographs, Graphics, Tables 

  1. There is no limit of images and photos or Graphics and tables within a paper. Authors need to submit images/photos separately on jpg format with high resolution. They must indicate in the paper where such images must occur by placing a note ‘image/photo to be placed here’ and enter the caption of the image/photo at that space. Each image / photo must accompany with a caption along with it that would correspond with the caption given in the text
  2. When inserting tables and graphs, do not create a default that becomes difficult for editing and readjusting them during final typesetting process. Simplest way to do the tables and graphs is to do it the same way as the photos/images. That is, prepare them on a separate word document first and insert them at the appropriate place using ‘insert’ option.
  3. Text within the tables and graphs should not be formatted, but simply to be typed in as normal text for easy editing and adjusting the text in the final typesetting process