Profile and Motivation of Women Enrolled in the Brazilian Telemedicine and Telehealth Postgraduation Distance Education Programme

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29086/JISfTeH.7.e3

Keywords: Telemedicine, Telehealth, Women, education, postgraduate, Brazil

Abstract

Purpose:  Women’s participation in Telehealth is increasing around the world and they should be prepared to work in this new job market. The aim of this study was to evaluate the profile and motivation of women enrolled in the Brazilian Postgraduate Programme on Telemedicine and Telehealth. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May to July 2018 of all women enrolled in the postgraduate programme using an anonymous online Google form. It consisted of a multiple choice form regarding: age, number of children, profession, date of graduation, current occupation, current number of jobs, workload, postgraduate programmes completed,  duration of Telehealth experience  and motivation to enrol on the Programme.  Data collected were exported to an Excel® sheet, summarised and analysed. Results: Of 44 women, 36 completed the survey. Mean age and time passed since graduation were respectively 43.5±13.5 years and 18±17 years for student and 53±13.5 years and 31.5±8.5 for professors; 25 women have at least one child, work more than 30 hours weekly and 10 of them work in two jobs.  Health professionals and health occupations were predominant in both groups. Most students had little or no experience in Telehealth.  The decreasing order of frequency motivation was professional refinement (63.8%), job opportunity (55.5%), financial gain (52.7%) and innovation (38.8%). Conclusion: Regardless of age, children, workload and professional qualification, the major women's motivation for enrolling in the Telehealth Postgraduate Programme is to professional refinement in this field.

Author Biographies

Alexandra Monteiro, Teleheath Center of Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil
Barbara Monteiro Grisolia, Rio de Janeiro State University
Juliana Cardoso, Telehealth Centre of Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil
Munique Santos, Telehealth Centre of Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil

References

World Health Organization (WHO) (2018). Telehealth. Available at: http://www.who.int/sustainable-development/health-sector/strategies/telehealth/en/ accessed 26 June 2018.

Herzog J, Pohn B, Forjan M, et al. Education for eHealth – a status analysis. Stud Health Technol Inform 2014;198:172-179. Doi: 10.3233/978-1-61499-397-1-172

Santos, SCF, AS Pecanha, Monteiro AM, et al. Telemedicine as a support for the discipline of radiology from the faculty of medical sciences. Global Telemed eHealth Updates: Knowl Resourc 2014;7:353-354.

Urbauer P, Herzog J, Pohn B, et al. Certification programmes for eHealth – status quo. Stud Health Technol Inform 2014;198:164-171. Doi: 10.3233/978-1-61499-397-1-164

Baesse DCEL, Oliveira, AEF, Monteiro AMG. Pedagogical monitoring as a tool to reduce dropout in distance learning in family health. BMC Med Educ 2016;16:213. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-016-0735-9

Rendeiro, MMP, Monteiro AMG. Learning opportunities: teledentistry contributions to continuing education in Brazil. Global Telemed eHealth Updates: Knowl Resourc 2014;7:330-333.

Rocha M, Santos M, Santos R, et al. Telehealth Brazil Networks Programme RJ-UERJ Nucleus: Telehealth as a means to professional update in primary health. Global Telemed eHealth Updates: Knowl Resourc 2014;7:341-343.

Avaliação da CAPES aponta crescimento da pós-graduação Brasileira. Available at: http://www.capes.gov.br/sala-de-imprensa/noticias/8558-avaliacao-da-capes-aponta-crescimento-da-pos-graduacao-brasileira accessed 12 August 2018.

Telessaúde UERJ. Mestrado Profissional em Telemedicina e Telessaúde. Available at: http://www.telessaude.uerj.br/mestrado/ accessed 12 June 2018.

Banerjee R, George P, Priebe C, et al. Medical student awareness of and interest in clinical informatics. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2015;22(1):42-47. https://doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocu046

Santos AD, Alves HJ, Nogueira JT, Torres RM, Melo MD. Telehealth distance education course in Latin America: analysis of an experience involving 15 countries. Telemed J E Health 2014;20(8):736-741. https://doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2013.0291

Workforce at the Health Sector in Brazil: Focusing on Feminization. (2010). Revista Divulgação em Saúde para Debate. Available at: http://www.ensp.fiocruz.br/observarh/arquivos/A%20Forca%20de%20Trabalho%20do%20Setor%20de%20Saude%20no%20Brasil%20.pdf accessed 25 July 2018.

Thouvenot VI, Holmes K. Women and eHealth 2010-2015: From the study to the Women observatory for eHealth. J Int Soc Telemed eHealth 2015;3(7):1-6.

Pyatigorskaya N, Madson M, Di Marco L. Women's career choices in radiology in France. Diagn Interv Imaging 2017;98(11):775-783. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diii.2017.06.017

Boixados M, Hernandez E, Guillamon N, et al. Working women's lifestyles and quality of life in the information society. Health Care Women Int 2010;31(6):552-567. https://doi.org/10.1080/07399331003721365

Published
2019-01-05
How to Cite
Monteiro, A., Grisolia, B., Cardoso, J., & Santos, M. (2019). Profile and Motivation of Women Enrolled in the Brazilian Telemedicine and Telehealth Postgraduation Distance Education Programme. Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and EHealth, 7, e3 (1-4). https://doi.org/10.29086/JISfTeH.7.e3
Section
Special Theme: Women in eHealth