Application of Internet of Things in Health Care
AbstractThe paper focuses on the continuously growing area of Internet of Things and its application to health care. We discuss several important aspects, namely quality, and relevance of data acquired. We illustrate IoT by a case study of diabetes mellitus personalised treatment. Modern type 1 diabetes mellitus therapy is now unimaginable without intensive glycaemia monitoring. In the last decade the possibility of real time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGMS) was realised along with integration to some types of insulin pump. Currently the research focuses on continuous glucose monitoring systems that have following advantages: non-invasiveness, high customer acceptance; comfort in use; ease in use; accuracy; long-term measurement up to 4 weeks; calibrating unit integrated; alerts for low or highs of glucose level; enabling higher lifestyle flexibility, e.g. physical activity, food, medication; wireless data and energy transmission; infection risk is minimised. Obviously several sensors are necessary to acquire the contextual data, in particular vital parameters, physical activity, and stress. All measured data must be collected and evaluated in parallel. The aim is to identify the mutual relations in measured parameters, the differences among patients and finally the most important parameters for development of personalised data models.
Zanella A, Bui N, Castellani A, Vangelista L, Zorzi M. Internet of things for smart cities. IEEE Internet Things J 2014;1(1):22–32.
Bauer H, Patel M, Veira J. The Internet of Things: sizing up the opportunity New York (NY): McKinsey & Company; c2016. Available at: http://www.mckinsey.com/industries/high-tech/our-insights/the-internet-of-things-sizing-up-the-opportunity accessed 21March 2017.
WHO. Diabetes fact sheet. (2016). Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/ accessed 21 March 2017.
International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes facts and figures. (2015).Available at: http://www.idf.org/about-diabetes/facts-figures accessed 21 March 2017.
Pickup JC. Insulin-pump therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med 2012;366(17):1616-1624.
Copyright (c) 2017 Lenka Lhotska, Miroslav Bursa, Michal Huptych
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.