Application of Internet of Things in Health Care

  • Lenka Lhotska Czech Technical University in Prague http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0742-5645
  • Miroslav Bursa Czech Technical University in Prague
  • Michal Huptych Czech Technical University in Prague
Keywords: health informatics, internet of things, data quality continuous measurement

Abstract

The paper focuses on the continuously growing area of Internet of Things and its application to health care. We discuss several important aspects, namely quality, and relevance of data acquired. We illustrate IoT by a case study of diabetes mellitus personalised treatment. Modern type 1 diabetes mellitus therapy is now unimaginable without intensive glycaemia monitoring. In the last decade the possibility of real time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGMS) was realised along with integration to some types of insulin pump. Currently the research focuses on continuous glucose monitoring systems that have following advantages: non-invasiveness, high customer acceptance; comfort in use; ease in use; accuracy; long-term measurement up to 4 weeks; calibrating unit integrated; alerts for low or highs of glucose level; enabling higher lifestyle flexibility, e.g. physical activity, food, medication; wireless data and energy transmission; infection risk is minimised. Obviously several sensors are necessary to acquire the contextual data, in particular vital parameters, physical activity, and stress. All measured data must be collected and evaluated in parallel. The aim is to identify the mutual relations in measured parameters, the differences among patients and finally the most important parameters for development of personalised data models.

Author Biographies

Lenka Lhotska, Czech Technical University in Prague

Department of Cognitive Systems and Neurosciences

Head 

Miroslav Bursa, Czech Technical University in Prague
senior researcher, qualification: PhD
Michal Huptych, Czech Technical University in Prague
senior researcher, qualification: PhD

References

Zanella A, Bui N, Castellani A, Vangelista L, Zorzi M. Internet of things for smart cities. IEEE Internet Things J 2014;1(1):22–32.

Bauer H, Patel M, Veira J. The Internet of Things: sizing up the opportunity New York (NY): McKinsey & Company; c2016. Available at: http://www.mckinsey.com/industries/high-tech/our-insights/the-internet-of-things-sizing-up-the-opportunity accessed 21March 2017.

WHO. Diabetes fact sheet. (2016). Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/ accessed 21 March 2017.

International Diabetes Federation. Diabetes facts and figures. (2015).Available at: http://www.idf.org/about-diabetes/facts-figures accessed 21 March 2017.

Pickup JC. Insulin-pump therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med 2012;366(17):1616-1624.

Published
2017-04-02
How to Cite
Lhotska, L., Bursa, M., & Huptych, M. (2017). Application of Internet of Things in Health Care. Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and EHealth, 5, (GKR);e27:(1-3). Retrieved from https://journals.ukzn.ac.za/index.php/JISfTeH/article/view/281
Section
Global Telemedicine and eHealth Updates. Knowledge Resources. Vol. 10, 2017