Telemedicine as a Health Promotion Tool: A Multidisciplinary Vision

  • Michele dos Santos Gomes da Rosa Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1534-0131
  • Thais Russomano Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
  • Marlise Araújo dos Santos Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
  • Felipe Escobal Chitolina Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
  • Ingrid Gradaschi Lamadrid Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
  • Maurício Machado da Rosa Department of Computer Science, UNIRITTER, Brasil
  • Helena Willhelm de Oliveira Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
Keywords: eHealth, telemedicine, remote assistance, teledermatology, telecardiology

Abstract

Telemedicine is a resource that contributes to improving the quality of medical care, reducing the time between diagnosis and therapy, and helping extend specialised and quality medical services to remote or poor locations. Teledermatology and Telecardiology encompass the application of telecommunication and computer technologies in dermatological and cardiological practice. The aim of this paper was to report the integration of a multidisciplinary health team providing remote assistance for diagnosis and management of dermatological and cardiovascular diseases, wherein second opinion was given to teams treating patients with difficulty in travelling to face-to-face consultations. Details were referred to the Hospital São Lucas, using a process provided by the MicroG eHealth platform, and specialists issued expert second opinions on each case. In this sense, teledermatology and telecardiology reports served as a tool to assist the general practitioner and family physician in deciding whether or not to refer patients to a specialist service.

Author Biographies

Michele dos Santos Gomes da Rosa, Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
Michele S. Gomes da Rosa holds a degree in Physiotherapy, Master's degree in Electrical Engineering, focused on research in Biomedical Engineering, and a PhD in Health Sciences (Clinical Medicine), both graduate degrees from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS). She is currently the Administrative Coordinator of the Microgravity Centre (MicroG) Research Centre, PUCRS, conducting researches together with the TeleHealth Laboratory and other Laboratories of the MicroG, also developing pre-clinical and clinical trials for the validation of electromedical equipment.
Thais Russomano, Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
Thais Russomano, MD, MSc (Aerospace Medicine, Wright State University, USA), PhD (Space Physiology, King’s College London, UK). Thais founded and coordinates the Microgravity Centre-PUCRS, Brazil, internationally recognized for its space life sciences and eHealth research. She is a Full Professor at PUCRS and Visiting Senior Lecturer at King’s College London. Thais holds international patents, has authored numerous articles and books, and acts as consultant and advisor for space projects. She is an elected member of aerospace academies and associations and involved in space projects as Co-Founder, Corporate Director and Chief Medical Officer of the USA-based International Space Medicine Consortium, Inc. (ISMC).
Marlise Araújo dos Santos, Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
Marlise Araújo dos Santos, holds a degree in Pharmacy from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), a Master’s degree in Pharmaceutical Science, UFRGS, is a specialist in Industrial Pharmacy, and completed her PhD at King’s College London, in Pharmaceutical Technology and Aerospace Pharmacy. Marlise is Associate Professor at the School of Pharmacy, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS) and Coordinator of the Joan Vernikos Aerospace Pharmacy Laboratory, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS. Her research activities include: effects of drugs on mental performance in microgravity simulation; effects of Over-the-Counter drugs on pilot performance; stability of drugs subjected to pressure variations in simulated flight; space pharmacology; effects of microgravity simulation on cells; and effects of hypergravity simulation on plants. In addition, she lectures in Space Pharmacology for the Space Physiology and Health MSc at King’s College London, and is the joint holder of five national and international patents.
Felipe Escobal Chitolina, Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
Felipe Escobal Chitolina is a student in Control and Automation Engineering (Mechatronics) at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul. He is currently a trainee at the Microgravity Centre (MicroG), an executive editor of the Aviation in Focus journal, and involved in developing and assisting research projects in Telemedicine, and in Biomedical Engineering that simulate the effects of microgravity on human physiology. He is also a student on a Licence to Teach Physics course at the Federal University of Santa Maria.
Ingrid Gradaschi Lamadrid, Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
Ingrid G Lamadrid holds a degree in Control and Automation Engineering (Mechatronics) from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS). She is currently a Master's degree student on the postgraduate program in Electrical Engineering at the same university, focused on research in Biomedical Engineering. She also has experience in the area of Electrical Engineering, with emphasis on Industrial Electronics, Systems, and Electronic Controls. In addition, Ingrid works as a Research Assistant at the Microgravity Centre (MicroG - PUCRS), developing and assisting in research projects linked to Electrical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering that simulate the effects of microgravity on human physiology.
Maurício Machado da Rosa, Department of Computer Science, UNIRITTER, Brasil
Maurício Machado da Rosa holds a degree in Computer Science, Master's degree in Electrical Engineering from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), focused on research in Biomedical Engineering, and a specialism in Informatics in Education and Teaching in Higher Education, from PUCRS. He is currently a Professor at the Ritter dos Reis University Center (UNIRITTER) in the Faculty of Informatics, also acting as Students Supervisor and Coordinator of Education Quality. Maurício is an external tutor in IT undergraduate distance courses for the Leonardo da Vinci University Center. In addition, he is a researcher at the Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, where he is involved in research related to the areas of IT and Telehealth.
Helena Willhelm de Oliveira, Telehealth Lab, Microgravity Centre, PUCRS, Brasil
Helena W. de Oliveira holds a Master's degree in Education and a PhD in Dentistry (in the area of Clinical Stomatology), from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS). She is a Full Professor at the School of Dentistry, PUCRS, and a researcher in the Research Groups linked to Aerospace Science, Aerospace Engineering, Electronic Imaging, and the Nucleus of Medical Imaging, working in lines of research related to the Quantitative Analysis of Medical Images, Digital Imaging, Medical Image Processing, Telemedicine, Teleradiology, and Distance Healthcare. Helena also acts as Coordinator of the TeleHealth Laboratory of the Microgravity Centre (MicroG-PUCRS), guiding research in telemetry and the development of health-related apps.

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Published
2017-04-02
How to Cite
Rosa, M., Russomano, T., Santos, M., Chitolina, F., Lamadrid, I., Rosa, M., & Oliveira, H. (2017). Telemedicine as a Health Promotion Tool: A Multidisciplinary Vision. Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and EHealth, 5, (GKR);e17:(1-4). Retrieved from https://journals.ukzn.ac.za/index.php/JISfTeH/article/view/226
Section
Global Telemedicine and eHealth Updates. Knowledge Resources. Vol. 10, 2017