Developing a Holistic Competence Model for Telenursing Practice: Perspectives from Telenurses and Managers of Telemedical Service Centres
Telenurse’s work performance determines the quality and the efficiency of the service and strongly influences the acceptance of patients and healthcare professionals. Considering this important role, qualification and training of telenurses is of utmost importance for the success of telemedicine providers and the future of telemedicine. However, in Germany the profession “telenurse” is not yet established, nor is there a standardised education programme for telenurses. Purpose: In our study, we seek to identify and describe needed competencies from the perspectives of employees and employers in telemedicine service centres. We develop a systematic competencies concept fundamental for a specific telenurse education curriculum. Methods: We designed an exploratory study as a series of semi-standardised interviews with telenurses and the management of telenursing centres, focusing on knowledge, skills and attitudes needed in telenursing practice. Results: By including the perspectives of employers and employees, we provide a broad view on the skills and competencies needed. We show that telenursing requires a great variety of competencies that can be structured into four categories: professional, methodological, personal and social competencies. Conclusion: Our study provides a comprehensive approach to key competencies of telenurses. The results set out a framework for the development of skills and competencies considering the perception of the telenurse-workplace not only from employers but also from employee’s perspective.
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