IPICT - An Explanatory Scheme About The Innovation Phenomena Towards Integrated Care Enhanced By Digital Technologies
The introduction of innovative models of care, especially in the management of chronic diseases and other long-term conditions, responds to an urgent need of economic sustainability of the health and social system, while maintaining or increasing the level of quality of the system. In this context it is crucial to assure the proper co-evolution of organizational models and technological solutions.
This paper presents an explanatory scheme about Innovation Phenomena towards Integrated Care enhanced by digital Technologies (IPICT), developed in the context of the European project STOPandGO: organisational and informational integration may be achieved both vertically among care settings and horizontally between healthcare and social care. Full integration may be the final goal of a long process made by a progressive local deployment of several initiatives, possibly coherent with regional or national plans. Within each initiative, innovation has not to be necessarily present in each individual activity or in each technological component, but it may be triggered by the appropriate combination of activities and technologies according a suitable model of care.
The proposed scheme identifies six layers, ranging from a technological approach on enabling infrastructures in Layers L1 and L2, to a perspective on organizational models co-designed with technological solutions in Layers L3 and L4, up to the comprehensive vision of the overall (regional) strategies on Integrated Care in Layers L5 and L6. In particular, Layer L4 regards the measures able to “reify the innovation” in the models of care deployed within the initiatives of Layer L5. The list of L4 measures worked out by STOPandGO project was tested on the production of a coherent set of local tenders to improve the health and well-being of citizens across hetero-geneous organisational/clinical circumstances.
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