Women in Science and Engineering: Students, Professionals and Authors
In recent years there have been published several studies and articles showing numbers of published articles in various scientific disciplines over the decades and analysing ratio of men and women authors. There is a big difference among disciplines. In the paper we will present and analyse these differences. There is not only difference in the total number of papers and articles with women as authors but also whether there are only women authors, women as first or last author, etc. In engineering an important area is also represented by patents. The ratio of men and women in this particular area is much more striking. Going to academic institution there are interesting analyses concerning percentage of full professors. There is significant decrease of number of women from undergraduate study over postgraduate study, lower positions in research up to senior researchers or full professors. These numbers vary across continents, e.g. less full professors women in European Union than in the United States.
We will present information about percentage of women researchers in the field related to telemedicine and eHealth, in particular medicine, nursing care in contrast to engineering and medical informatics. The difference is also significant. These numbers correlate to a certain extent with the authorship.
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