Women as Beneficiaries of Telemedicine and eHealth Services in Peru: Access and Use of ICT for Health Among Female Healthcare Workers in the Area of ePrevention

  • Lilia Judith Perez-Chavolla Millennia2025 Foundation
  • Lady Murrugarra Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
  • Salim Mohanna Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
Keywords: Telecommunications, eHealth, Health Personnel, Women, Latin America

Abstract

Improving access to information and communication technologies (ICT) and the affordability of these services are prerequisites for their efficient and sustainable use in healthcare and eHealth. This article reports a survey of 239 Peruvian female health related personnel in the Andean region, to assess the role ICT play in facilitating access to health information among healthcare workers (HCWs) in the region for the prevention of infectious diseases. The survey questionnaire enquired about the HCWs’ access to ICT (pre and postpaid mobile cellular telephones, residential Internet, and telecentres), their use of ICT for healthcare contact and health information retrieval, and their communication and training preferences. The only statistics calculated were frequency of responses. Ninety per cent of the participants reported having access to at least one modality and 78% reported having access to two of the three services, highlighting the increasing importance of these technologies as platforms for urban and rural HCWs to exchange health information. Female HCWs in Peru reported taking advantage of these technologies to contact their healthcare centres (67%) and to obtain health information (65%); yet, 30% mentioned having difficulty in contacting such centres. Key topics of interest for health information and training included prevention and promotion (60%) and infectious diseases (24%), especially tuberculosis, dengue and HIV/AIDS. Only 2% of respondents expressed interest in receiving training on eHealth and telemedicine.

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Author Biography

Lilia Judith Perez-Chavolla, Millennia2025 Foundation

Dr. Lilia Pérez Chavolla collaborates with the Millennia2025 Foundation’s "Women and eHealth" (Wehealth) International Working Group as Senior Advisor in ICT Applications promoting the empowerment of women through innovation in health services.

Dr. Perez Chavolla has fourteen years of experience in the area of communications, analysing policies, institutional reform, and the performance of the telecommunications sector. Her current work focuses on the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) for health, in particular on the role ICTs play in improving maternal and children’s health and in enabling sustainable development.

References

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International Telecommunication Union (ITU). (2015). ICTEye Country profile. Peru profile (Latest data available: 2013). Available at: http://www.itu.int/net4/itu-d/icteye/CountryProfile.aspx accessed 24 February 2015.

Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática del Perú. (2015). Encuesta Nacional de Hogares. Cuadro 7.11. Perú: Hogares que tienen al menos un miembro con celular, según sexo de jefe de hogar y ámbito geográfico. Available at: http://www.inei.gob.pe/estadisticas/indice-tematico/brechas-de-genero-7913/ accessed 22 February 2015.

Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática del Perú. (2015). Encuesta Nacional de Hogares. Cuadro 7.1. Perú: Mujeres y hombres que usan Internet, según ámbito geográfico. Available at: http://www.inei.gob.pe/estadisticas/indice-tematico/brechas-de-genero-7913/ accessed 22 February 2015.

Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática del Perú. (2015). Encuesta Nacional de Hogares. Cuadro 7.13. Perú: Hogares que tienen Internet, según sexo de jefe de hogar y ámbito geográfico. Available at: http://www.inei.gob.pe/estadisticas/indice-tematico/brechas-de-genero-7913/ accessed 22 February 2015.

Published
2015-04-23
How to Cite
Perez-Chavolla, L., Murrugarra, L., & Mohanna, S. (2015). Women as Beneficiaries of Telemedicine and eHealth Services in Peru: Access and Use of ICT for Health Among Female Healthcare Workers in the Area of ePrevention. Journal of the International Society for Telemedicine and EHealth, 3, e11 (1-9). Retrieved from https://journals.ukzn.ac.za/index.php/JISfTeH/article/view/111
Section
Special Theme: Women in eHealth