Comparative Analysis of Ecological Footprint of Urban and Rural Households in Minna Emirate of Niger State, Nigeria

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Nelson Tajudeen Adewale Abd'Razack
Samuel O Medayese, Mr
Itunu Valda Martins, PhD
Olusegun O Idowu, PhD

Abstract

Nigeria is an unsustainable country due to ecological deficit arising from the excessive utilisation of natural resources. Resources are consumed more than its bio-capacity. Lifestyle and variation in the needs of households has exert demands on the natural resources and eventually on the global environment. This research therefore aimed at estimating the Ecological Footprints of the average individual in a household in the urban and rural areas of the Minna region in Nigeria. It identifies the types of resource consumption; the impact of consumption on the EF and compare the EF of both in relation to level of sustainability. Data were collected employing primary and secondary sources for the study. A total of 400 households was selected for the study. Questionnaire administration was employed to collect the data and random sampling was employed. The data were analysed through explanatory and inferential statistics. The result of the study shows that the EF of Minna and Maikunkele were 1.10 and 0.892 gha. Households require average 0.91 and 0.74 planets to sustain their living standard and generate 6.2 and 4.3 tonnes of CO2 annually. There are 9 and 6 factors that influence EF. It is recommended that the lifestyle of the household in Minna region has to be modified to reduce pressure environmental resources and emission of GHG for sustainable development.

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Author Biographies

Samuel O Medayese, Mr, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

MEDAYESE, S.O

I hold B. Tech with Honours from and Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. An M.Sc degree in Urban and Regional Planning from University of Ibadan, Nigeria and currently a PhD student in Kwazulu Natal University in South Africa. I am a Member of Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP) and a Registered Urban and Regional Planner with the Town Planners Registration Council of Nigeria (TOPREC). I am currently a lecturer in the Department of Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Minna since 2012.

Itunu Valda Martins, PhD, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

MARTINS, I.V

I hold B. Tech, M. Tech and PhD with Honours from Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. I am a Member of Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP) and a Registered Urban and Regional Planner with the Town Planners Registration Council of Nigeria (TOPREC). I am currently a lecturer in the Department of Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Minna since 2005.

Olusegun O Idowu, PhD, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

Idowu, O.O

I hold B. Tech and M. Tech with Honours from Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. and a PhD from University of Ilorin, Nigeria. I am a Member of Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP) and a Registered Urban and Regional Planner with the Town Planners Registration Council of Nigeria (TOPREC). I am currently a lecturer in the Department of Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Minna since 2005.