Community Consultation in Risk Management

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Bolanle Wahab
Ayobami Abayomi Popoola
Samuel Medayese

Abstract

Disaster and risk experience remain a global pandemic. The community as a vast plate of numerous stakeholders is an embodiment of the team that is capable of managing the global risk exposures. The argument is that, the immediate community plays a vital role in risk management. The study methodology used in exploring community consultations in risk management was through the triangulation of researchers’ experience and a sectoral approach which entail the convergent parallel mixed-method of community consultations. Secondary data was obtained from some selected case study community consultation programmes in risk management organised by selected risk management agencies in South-Eastern and Northern region of Nigeria. The Youth Transformational Leadership Collaborative Initiative within the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), National Youth Service Corps and the NEMA-Military Joint Task Force and the Borno State residents programme reports iterates that communities are frontline stakeholders in risk management. Case study of community disaster risk management in some Africa countries was also documented. Extensive consultations with key stakeholders coupled with a healthy sustained collaboration among the stakeholders led to improved coordination in the fight against insurgency in the communities in Borno state. It was identified that coordinated information dissemination between communities to the Task Force was an effective mechanism for community policing and risk reductions. It was identified that low level of public awareness of disaster risk, unavailability of relevant data, weak capacity and inadequate personnel, lack of political will amongst others were the challenges to community consultation in risk management in Nigeria. The study proposed community-based disaster risk management approach, which entails intensive and extensive consultation to build people’s capacity of coping with disaster risks towards creating safer and resilient communities.

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Author Biographies

Bolanle Wahab, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Bolanle Wahab (Ph.D) is a Reader/Associate Professor and former Ag. Head in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, and the Pioneer Coordinator of the Postgraduate Programme in Indigenous Knowledge and Development (IKAD) at the Centre for Sustainable Development, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He was a visiting scholar at the University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls (USA) in 1996 and a temporary Assistant Professor at the Department of Community and Regional Planning and also a visiting scholar at the Centre for Indigenous Knowledge for Agricultural and Rural Development (CIKARD), Iowa State University, Ames (USA) in 1997.

 

His research interests include disaster risk management, urban/peri-urban agriculture and climate change, community environmental planning and management, integrated waste management, and indigenous knowledge and development. He has served as a consultant and resource person to UNDP, UNICEF, UNCHS (Habitat), CASSAD, Sustainable Ibadan Project, Nigerian Urban Forum, InWEnt Capacity Building International of Germany, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Institute for Human Settlements and Environment, and the World Bank on urbanization Nigeria, housing, water and sanitation, integrated waste management, community mobilization for neighbourhood improvement and master plans of towns and universities. He is a Fellow of the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners and a registered member of the Town Planners Registration Council of Nigeria. He was the Chairman of the Technical Committee of the 2013 and 2014 Mandatory Continuing Professional Development Programme (MCPDP) of the Nigerian Institute of Town Planners and Town Planners Registration Council of Nigeria.

Ayobami Abayomi Popoola, SARChI Chair for Inclusive Cities, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban

He is a trained Geographer and now an Urban and Regional Planner with lifelong interest on Human Wellbeing and Livelihood. He has a BSc in Geography and MSc in Urban and Regional Planning, both from the University of Ibadan. His PhD in Town and Regional Planning was from University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Dr Popoola is currently a part of the team in the SARChI Chair for Inclusive Cities project located in the Department of Town and Regional Planning, School of Built Environment and Development Studies, UKZN as Post-Doctoral Research Fellow. The research chair is funded by NRF, South African Cities Network and others.

Samuel Medayese, Department of Town and Regional Planning, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa

He is a PhD candidate of the Department of Town and Regional Planning, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban South Africa. He is a lecturer in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning Federal University of Technology, Minna. He has a B.Tech and MSc in Urban and Regional Planning, from FUTMINNA and University of Ibadan respectively. His interest is in Sustainable and Inclusive Cities.